Targeting the tribal bloc and plundering its oil wealth.. The Brotherhood and the war to swallow Marib

English - الثلاثاء 22 نوفمبر 2022 الساعة 10:02 ص
Ma'rib, NewsYemen, Private:

The Muslim Brotherhood failed to penetrate the tribal communities in Ma'rib governorate, and its presence remained represented by tribal and military leaders.  However, the tribal reference and tribal custom are the regulators for the movements and decisions of most party members, including the Brotherhood.

Their presence in Shabwa was carried on the backs of military and political leaders who derive their strength from military units that were formed early in the name of legitimacy, while they are mainly Brotherhood partisan forces that fought in the name of the Brotherhood and in defense of their influence and presence in the province.

In Abyan governorate, the situation was not much different, as the Brotherhood’s ties to some military, tribal, and security leaders overlapped with the loyalty of these leaders to former President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi. Thus, the Brotherhood invested legitimacy as a cover to defend their influence and military positioning in Abyan governorate, to end this influence at the hands of the southern forces that moved to restore  Abyan after Shabwa.

In Marib, the Brotherhood wore the robes of legitimacy to drain the tribes of the province in the name of the war against the Houthis and the defense of Marib. In Abyan, the raised slogan was to restore Aden and hand it over to leaders from Abyan and revive old regional strife, while in Shabwa the Brotherhood was raising the flag of war against Houthi and the war against the Transitional Council and the southern forces.  Although they handed over to the Houthis 3 districts in Shabwa, the area of which is equivalent to half the area of an entire governorate, such as Taiz.

The Brotherhood could not ideologize the tribal societies in Shabwa, Marib, and Abyan, just as they succeeded in Taiz, in which their activity began early. Scientific institutes and the Brotherhood’s control over education contributed to the formation of their basic strongholds with extremist ideological upbringing. Therefore, the process of dismantling their influence was linked to ending their military power centers, which collapsed easily in Shabwa.  And I show after removing the veil of legitimacy from it.

In Marib, the tribe fought as tribal groups and soldiers in military units, as is the case with the Murad tribe, with its many clans, which is more represented in the army, while the Ubaidah tribe maintained its presence as a coherent tribal force with a symbolic presence in the formation and leadership of army units in Marib.

During the years of the war, the Brotherhood drained Murad and her sons as soldiers and tribal fighters, and Murad was abandoned when its regions became the scene of brutal Houthi attacks that ended with the overthrow of the southern districts of Ma’rib one after the other, so that the tribe’s sons were distributed between soldiers in camps and displaced persons in the city of Ma’rib and its camps.  their areas that were invaded by the Houthis.

After all that Murad pushed and its sons offered, the Brotherhood came out with a plan to control the tribe from within it and through names and leaders belonging to the Murad tribe and the formation of an entity called the Murad coalition in an attempt to attract Murad’s voice and the strong presence of the tribe in the power equation within Ma’rib and to avoid the positioning of Murad on the opposite side of the Brotherhood and not on their side.

In addition, the emergence of a military formation from Murad’s sons away from the Brotherhood’s control, with Salafist and tribal leaders, made the Brotherhood and their center of presence in Ma’rib think of moves to attract the tribes in Murad and Ubaidah as well.  The Brotherhood, through its military forces, is trying to position itself within its rackets to attract its sons and frustrate their movements.

The oil riches of Marib and its large revenues that go to the treasuries of the Brotherhood and their leaders constitute a booty that they did not expect to reach them, and therefore the group will do everything it deems appropriate to maintain its control over Marib and its wealth and control it through the decision of the army in it, as well as the survival of the security and military units that the Brotherhood formed as forces purely subordinate to the military wing of the Brotherhood.

The Brotherhood considers Marib their most important stronghold that they must defend with all their strength and pressure cards after they lost Shabwa and Abyan, while Hadramout is on its way to getting rid of its hegemony over its valley and the desert, all the way to Al-Mahra.

In order for Ma’rib to remain in the grip of the Brotherhood, the leaders of the international organization, the Yemen branch, must be assured that the tribal bloc in the governorate will not revolt against them. The only way to do so, according to the vision of their military and political leaders, is to contain the Murad tribe, attract its symbols and leaders, and sculpt from within to form an image of the tribe in support of the Brotherhood and their army in  Marib.

In the event that the Brotherhood succeeds in attracting and containing the Murad tribe and its strongholds, then the Brotherhood will not hesitate to use Murad’s force to target the Ubaidah tribe and its branches in the Ma’rib Valley.  In order for the Brotherhood to secure that the two tribes do not unite to threaten their presence in the city of Ma’rib and strike the banks of the valley and the mountain against each other, so that the Brotherhood can stay for a long time in the heart of Ma’rib and continue absorbing its wealth.

Marib and its tribes, then, have two options: the first and the second together, to unite against the Brotherhood, restore their province and its wealth, and rearrange the tribal forces alongside the military units that are formed outside the Brotherhood’s control to represent the nucleus of a Marib force that works to liberate Marib from the Houthis and the Brotherhood together, and there are many non-Brotherhood forces in Marib  It is waiting for the army to be reformed and to end the Brotherhood’s control over its decisions and capabilities.